Effective Ways of Attaining Righteousness and Success

In line with the concept of righteousness, Allâh guides us through the Qur’ân and the Sunnah as to how we may effectively attain righteousness and success.  The various ways of attaining righteousness and success are effective because they come from Allâh and His Messenger (). In other words, they emanate from divine sources, which are the best guidance[1].  They serve as the most effective ways of attaining  righteousness and success.  Some of these are as follows:

 1. Acquiring knowledge of Islâm (i.e., the Qur’ân and the Sunnah)

“He grants wisdom to whom He pleases; and he to whom wisdom is granted receives indeed a benefit overflowing; but none will grasp the Message but men of understanding.”    (Qur’ân 2: 269)

“Allâh bears witness that none has the right to be worshipped but He, and the angels, and those having knowledge (also bear witness to this); (He is always) maintaining His Creation in justice.  None has the right to be worshipped but He, the Almighty the All Wise.  (Qur’ân 3:18)

Is then one who does know that, that which has been Revealed unto you from your Rabb is the Truth, like the one who is blind?  It is those who are endowed with understanding that receive admonition;  those who fulfill the Covenant of Allâh and fail not in their plighted word; those who join together those things, which Allâh has commanded to be joined, hold their Rabb in awe, and fear the terrible reckoning; those who patiently persevere, seeking the countenance of their Creator; establish regular prayers, spend out of (the gifts) We have bestowed for their sustenance, secretly and openly; and turn off Evil with good: for such there is the final attainment of the (eternal) Home.  Gardens of perpetual bliss: they shall enter there as well as the righteous among their fathers, their spouses and their offspring and angels shall enter unto them from every gate (with the salutation) “Peace unto you for  that  you persevered in patience!  Now how excellent is the final Home!”  (Qur’ân 13:19-24)

“...Say: “Are those equal, those who know and those who do not know?”   It is those who are endowed with understanding that receive admonition.”   (Qur’ân 39:9)

 “Only those who have knowledge among His slaves that fear Allâh...”   (Qur’ân 35:28).

“As for those who fear their Rabb Unseen, for them is Forgiveness and a great Reward.”  (Qur’ân 67:12)

“...Allâh will raise up, to (suitable) ranks (and degrees), those of you who believe and have been granted Knowledge.  And Allâh is well-acquainted with all you do.”    (Qur’ân 58:11)

Narrated ‘Abdur Rahman bin Abi Bakra’s father ... The Prophet said: “If Allah wants to do good to a person, he makes him comprehend the religion and of course knowledge is attained by learning.”  (Bukhari 1/67)

Anas ibn Malik narrated that Allâh’s  Messenger ()  said,  “One who goes out to search for knowledge is (devoted) to the cause of Allâh till he returns.”     (Tirmidhi  220)

Abu Humamah Al- Bahili  narrated that mention was made to Allâh’s Messenger () of two persons: the one being a devout, and the other being a scholar. Thereupon Allâh’s Messenger () said, “The superiority of the scholar over the devout is like my superiority over one who is of the lowest rank amongst you. Then Allâh’s Messenger () said, “Verily (for the scholars) Allâh and His angels, the dwellers of the Heavens and of the Earth, even an ant in its hole and fish (in the depth of water) invoke blessings on one who teaches people goodness.”    (Tirmidhi 213)

2. Belief (Faith) in Allâh and affirmation of His Oneness:

“This is the Guidance of Allâh with which He guides whomsoever He will of His slaves. But if they had joined in worship others with Allâh, all that they used to do would have been of no benefit to them.”   (Qur’ân 6:88)

“Say: ‘I am but a man like yourselves (but) the inspiration has come to me that your Allâh is one Allâh: whoever expects to meet his Rabb (Cherisher and Sustainer) let him work righteousness and in the worship of his Rabb (Cherisher and Sustainer) admit no one as partner.”    (Qur’ân 18:110)

“And indeed it has been revealed to you (O Muhammad), as it was to those (Allâh’s Messengers) before you: If you join others in worship with Allâh, (then) surely (all) your deeds will be in  vain, and you will certainly be among the losers.”    (Qur’ân 39:65)

Anas ibn Malik narrated  that the Prophet  said, “Whoever said 'La ilaha illa-Allâh' ('None has the right to be worshipped but Allâh') and has in his heart good (faith) equal to the weight of a barley grain, will be taken out of hell. And whoever said 'La ilaha ila-Allâh' ('None has the right to be worshipped but Allâh') and has in his heart good (faith) equal to the weight of a wheat grain, will be taken out of hell. And whoever said 'La ilaha ila-Allâh' ('None has the right to be worshipped but Allâh') and has in his heart good (faith) equal to the weight of an atom, or a small ant, will be taken out of hell. (Bukhâri 1/42)

3. Following Allâh’s Way (i.e., Islâm)

“Verily this is My Way leading straight. Follow it: follow not (other) paths.  They will scatter you about from His (great) path. Thus He does command you that you may be righteous.”    (Qur’ân 6:153)

“But Allâh does call to the Home of Peace: He does guide whom He pleases to a Way that is straight. To those who do right is a goodly (reward) Yea, more (than in measure)!  No darkness or shame shall cover their faces! They are Companions of the Garden; they will abide therein (for aye)!”   (Qur’ân 10:25-26)

Allâh’s Messenger () said, "Whoever gives two kinds (of things or property) in charity for Allâh’s cause, will be called from the gates of Paradise and will be addressed, 'O slaves of Allâh! Here is prosperity.’  So, whoever was amongst the people who used to offer their prayers, will be called from the gate of the prayer; and whoever was amongst the people who used to participate in Jihad, will be called from the gate of Jihad; and whoever was amongst those who used to observe fasts, will be called from the gate of Ar-Raiyan; whoever was amongst those who used to give in charity, will be called from the gate of charity.”  Abu Bakr said, "Let my parents be sacrificed for you, O Allâh’s Messenger ()! No distress or need will befall him who will be called from those gates. Will there be any one who will be called from all these gates?”  The Prophet replied, "Yes, and I hope you will be one of them.”  (Bukhâri 3/121)

It is narrated on the authority of Abu Ayyub that a man came to the Prophet and said: “Direct me to a deed which draws me near to Paradise and takes me away from the Fire (of Hell).”  Upon this he (the Prophet ) said: “You worship Allâh and never associate anything with Him, establish prayer, and pay Zakat, and do good to your kin.”  When he turned his back, the Messenger of Allâh remarked: “If he adheres to what he has been ordered to do, he would enter Paradise.” (Muslim 1/13)

4. Worshipping Allâh

“O you people! Worship your Guardian Allâh, Who created you and those who came before you that you may become righteous.”     (Qur’ân 2:21)

5. Obedience, fear and hope in Allâh

"It is not righteousness that you enter the houses from the back, but the righteous man is He who fears Allâh, Obeys His order and keeps away from What He has forbidden. So, enter houses through the proper doors.”      (Qur’ân 2:189)

Only those who believe in Our Signs, who when they are recited to them fall down in adoration, and celebrate the praises of their Rabb (only God and Sustainer),  nor are they (ever) puffed up with pride.  They forsake their beds of sleep, the while they call on their Rabb (only God and Sustainer), in  Fear and Hope.  And they spend (in charity) out of the sustenance which We have bestowed on them. Now no person knows what delights of the eye are kept hidden (in reserve) for them as a reward for their (good) Deeds.  Is then the man who believes no better than the man who is rebellious and wicked?  Not equal are they.  For those who believe and do righteous deeds are Gardens as hospitable Homes, for their (good) deeds.  (Qur’ân 32:15-19)

And those who feared their Rabb (Cherisher and Sustainer) will be led to the Garden in groups: until behold,  they arrive there; its gates will be opened; and its Keepers will say: `Peace be upon you! Well have you done!    Enter you here, to dwell therein.’  They will say: `Praise be to Allâh,  Who has truly  fulfilled His  promise  to us, and has given us  (this) land in  heritage: we can dwell in the Garden as we will: how excellent a reward for those who work (righteousness)!’ And you wilt see the angels surrounding the Throne (Divine) on all sides, singing Glory and Praise to their Rabb. The Decision between them (at Judgment) will be in (perfect) justice, and the cry (on all sides) will be, `Praise be to Allâh, the Rabb of the Worlds!’    (Qur’ân 39:73-75)

6. Following the Qur’an

 “Follow (O mankind!) the revelation given unto you from your Rabb (only God and Sustainer), and follow not, as friends or protectors, other than Him. And this is a Book which We have revealed as a blessing: so follow it and be righteous, that you may  receive mercy.”    (Qur’ân 6:155)

7.  Obedience to Prophet Muhammad and/or following his Sunnah

“... Yet you (O Muhammad) were sent as a Mercy from your Rabb to give warning to a people to whom no Warner had come before you in order that they may receive admonition.”   (Qur’ân 28:46)

“Say: ‘If you do love Allâh follow me: Allâh will love you and forgive you your sins for Allâh is Oft-Forgiving Most Merciful.’”  (Qur’ân 3:31)

“But no, by your Rabb, they can have no Faith, until they make you (O Muhammad) judge in all disputes between them, and find in themselves no resistance against your decisions, and accept (them) with full submission.”   (Qur’ân  4:65)

“Those who follow the Messenger, the unlettered Prophet, whom they find mentioned in their own (Scriptures); in the Torah and the Gospel; for he commands them what is just and forbids them what is evil.  He allows them as lawful what is good (and pure) and prohibits them from what is bad (and impure).  He releases them from their heavy burdens and from the yokes that are upon them.  So it is those who believe in him, honor him, help him, and follow the Light which is sent down with him, it is they who will prosper.”    (Qur’ân 7: 157)

 “Indeed in Allâh’s Messenger () (Muhammad) you have an excellent example to follow for him who hopes in (meeting with) Allâh and the Last Day, and remembers Allâh much.”    (Qur’ân 33:21)

Abu Hurairah  narrated that he heard Allâh’s Messenger () saying, "We are the last but will be the foremost to enter Paradise.”   The Prophet   added, "He who obeys me, obeys Allâh, and he who disobeys me, disobeys Allâh. He who obeys the chief, obeys me, and he who disobeys the chief, disobeys me. The Imam is like a shelter for whose safety the Muslims should fight and where they should seek protection. If the Imam orders people with righteousness and rules justly, then he will be rewarded for that, and if he does the opposite, he will be responsible for that.”     (Bukhâri 4/204)

‘Abdullah Bin Amr  narrated that Allah’s Messenger said, “There will befall my Ummah exactly (all those) evils which befell the people of Isra'il, so much so that if there was one amongst them who openly committed fornication with his mother,  there will be among my Ummah one who will do that; and if the people of Isra'il were fragmented into seventy-two sects my Ummah will be fragmented into seventy-three sects. All of them will be in Hell Fire except one sect.” They (the Companions) said: “Allah’s Messenger, which is that?” Whereupon hesaid: “It is one to which I and my companions belong.”  (Tirmidhi 171)

8. Sincerity (Ikhlas),  which is to do deeds for Allâh’s sake only neither seeking praise from fellow-beings nor to have repute among men:

“Verily it is We Who have revealed the Book to you in Truth: so serve Allâh offering Him sincere devotion.     Is it not to Allâh that sincere devotion is due? But those who take for protectors other than Allâh (say): ‘We only serve them in order that they may bring us nearer to Allâh.’  Truly Allâh will judge between them in that wherein they differ.  But Allâh guides not such as are false and ungrateful.” (Qur’ân 39:2-3)

“So, call you (O Muhammad and the believers) upon (or invoke) Allâh making (your) worship pure for Him (Alone) (by worshipping none but Him and by doing religious deeds sincerely for Allâh’s sake only and not to show off and not to set up rivals with Him in worship).”  (Qur’ân 39: 14 and 40:14).

Umar ibn al-Khattab narrated that the Prophetsaid:  “Actions are but by intentions and every person will get the reward according to what he has intended. Thus he whose migration was for Allâh and His Messenger, his migration was for Allâh and His Messenger, and he whose migration was to achieve some worldly benefit or take some woman in marriage, his migration was for that for which he migrated.”   (Bukhâri   1/I,   3/706  and Muslim  3/4692)

9. Loving Allâh, His Messenger and the righteous
Anas  narrated that a man asked the Prophet  about the Hour (i.e. Day of Judgment) saying, “When will the Hour be?”  The Prophetsaid, “What have you prepared for it?”  The man said, “Nothing, except that I love Allâh and His Messenger.”  The Prophetsaid, “You will be with those whom you love.”  We had never been so glad as we were on hearing that saying of the Prophet (i.e., “You will be with those whom you love.” ) Therefore, I love the ProphetAbu Bakr  and 'Umar  , and I hope that I will be with them because of my love for them though my deeds are not similar to theirs.”  (Bukhâri 5/37)

Anas narrated that the Prophet said “None of you will have faith till he loves me more than his father, his children and all mankind.”   (Bukhâri 1/14)

10. Dhikr (Remembering Allâh)

“And establish regular prayers at the two ends of the day and at the approaches of the night: for those things that are good remove those that are evil: be that the word of remembrance to those who remember (their Rabb): And be steadfast in patience; for verily Allâh will not suffer the reward of the righteous to perish.”   (Qur’ân 11: 114-115)

“Those who believe and whose hearts find satisfaction in the remembrance of Allâh: for without doubt in the remembrance of Allâh do hearts find satisfaction. For those who believe and work righteousness is (every) blessedness and a beautiful place of (final) return.”  (Qur’ân 13:28-29)

“O you who believe! When the call is proclaimed to prayer on Friday (the Day of Assembly) hasten earnestly to the Remembrance of Allâh and leave off business (and traffic): that is best for you if ye but knew!  And when the Prayer is finished then you may disperse through the land and seek of the Bounty of Allâh: and celebrate the Praises of Allâh often (and without stint): that you may prosper.”   (Qur’ân 62:9-10)

Abu Hurairah narrated that the Prophetsaid, “Allâh will give shade to seven (types of people) under His Shade (on the Day of Resurrection).  One of them will be a person who remembers Allâh and his eyes are then flooded with tears.”    (Bukhâri 8/486)

Abdullah Ibn Busr narrated that a man asked the Prophet: “Messenger of Allâh, the ordinances of Islâm appear to me a multitude of affairs, so kindly tell me something to which I should hold fast.”   He answered him: “Let your tongue be constantly occupied with the remembrance of Allâh.”   (Tirmidhi 1443)

Mu'adh Ibn Jabal narrated that he asked Allâh’s Messenger () as to which faith is excellent. He said: “That you love (any person or thing) for the sake of Allâh, hate for the sake of Allâh, and that you keep your tongue busy in the remembrance of Allâh.” He said: “Allâh’s Messenger (), is there anything besides this?” Hesaid: “You like for the people what you like for yourself, and you dislike for them what you dislike for yourself.”   (Tirmidhi 48 and Ahmad)

11. Calling people to Islâm or doing and supporting Da’wah

“And he who brings the Truth and he who confirms (and supports) it—such are the men who do right.  They  shall  have all that they wish  for, with their Rabb (only God and Sustainer).  Such is the reward of those who do good: so that Allâh will remit from them (even) the worst in their deeds and give them their reward according to the best of what they have done.”   (Qur’ân 39:33-35)

“Allâh will admit those who believe and work righteous deeds to Gardens beneath which rivers flow. They shall be adorned therein with bracelets of gold and pearls; and their garments there will be of silk for they have been guided (in this life) to the purest of speeches.  They have been guided to the Path of Him Who is worthy of (all) praise.”   (Qur’ân 22:23-24)

“Who is better in speech than one who calls (men) to Allâh, works righteousness, and says, `I am of those who bow in Islâm’?”  (Qur’ân 41:33)

Abu Hurairah  narrated that Allâh’s Messenger ()  said, “He who called people to righteousness, there would be reward (assured) for him like the rewards of those who adhered to it, without their rewards being diminished in any respect. And he who called (people) to error, he shall have to carry (the burden) of its sin, like those who committed it, without their sins being diminished in any respect.”    (Muslim 4/6470)

12.  Truthfulness

‘Abdullah narrated that the Prophet said, “Truthfulness leads to Al-Birr (righteousness) and Al-Birr leads to Paradise. And a man keeps on telling the truth until he becomes a Siddiq (truthful person). Falsehood leads to Al-Fujur (i.e., wickedness, evil-doing), and Al-Fujur leads to the (Hell) Fire, and a man may keep on telling lies till he is written before Allâh, a liar.”   (Bukhâri 8/116 and  Muslim 4/ 6307-6310)

13.  Purifying self from evil, avoiding innovation in religion, and seeking refuge with Allâh from the influence of Satan

 “Except those who repent and believe, and work righteousness:   for these will enter the Garden and will not be wronged in the least  Gardens of Eternity, those which (Allâh) Most Gracious has  promised  to His  servants  in  the Unseen: for  His  promise must (necessarily) come to pass. They will not there hear any vain discourse, but only salutations of Peace.  And they will have therein  their sustenance,  morning and evening.  Such is the Garden which We give as an inheritance to those of Our Servants who guard against evil.”     (Qur’ân 19:60-63)

“But such as comes to Him as Believers who have worked righteous deeds for them are ranks exalted Gardens of Eternity beneath which flow rivers.  They will dwell therein for aye. Such is the reward of those who purify themselves (from evil).”    (Qur’ân 20:75-76)

“If a suggestion from Satan assails your [mind], seek refuge with Allâh; for He hears and knows [all things]. Those who fear Allâh, when a thought of evil from Satan assaults them, bring Allâh to remembrance, when verily, they see [aright]!” (Qur’ân 7: 200-201)

“And if [at any time] an incitement to discord is made to you by the Satan, seek refuge in Allâh. He is the One Who hears and knows all things.”    (Qur’ân 41: 36)

Yahya Bin Abu Muta  said that he heard Irbad Bin Sariya  as saying, “One day Allah’s Messengersaid, ‘…It is incumbent upon you to adhere strictly to my Sunnah and the Sunnah of the rightly guided Caliphs.  Hold fast that with teeth and pursue not the affairs of innovation for every innovation is straying from the Right Path.’”   (Ibn Majah 1/42, Abu Dawud 4950 and Tirmidhi)

14.  Trust in Allâh

“... Then when you have taken a decision, put your trust in Allâh.  For Allâh loves those who put their trust (in Him).  If Allâh helps you, none can overcome you.  If He forsakes you, who is there, after that, that can help you?  In Allâh, then, let Believers put their trust.”  (Qur’ân 3: 159-160)

 “And He provides for him from (sources) he never could expect.  And if any one puts his trust in Allâh, sufficient is (Allâh) for him.  For Allâh will surely accomplish His purpose.  Verily, for all things has Allâh appointed a due proportion.”   (Qur’ân 65:3)

15. Jihad/Fighting in the Cause of Allâh

“Not equal are those believers who sit (at home), except those who are disabled, and those who strive and fight in the cause of Allâh with their goods and their person.  Allâh has granted a grade higher to those who strive and fight with their goods and persons than to those who sit (at home).  Unto all (in Faith) has Allâh promised good.  But those who strive and fight has He distinguished above those who sit (at home) by a great reward.  Ranks especially bestowed by Him and forgiveness and Mercy.  For Allâh is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful.”  (Qur’ân 4:95-96)

“Those who believe, and emigrate and strive with might and main, in Allâh’s cause, with their goods and their persons, have the highest rank in the sight of Allâh.  They are the people who will achieve salvation.”   (Qur’ân 9:20)

“O you who believe!  Shall I lead you to a bargain that will save you from a grievous Chastisement?  That you believe in Allâh and His Messenger, and that you strive (your utmost) in the Cause of Allâh, with your wealth and your persons: that will be best for you, if you but knew!  He will forgive you your sins, and admit you to the Gardens of Eternity: that is indeed the supreme Triumph.”    (Qur’ân 61:10-12)

Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri narrated that somebody asked, “Allâh’s Messenger ()!  Who is the best among the people?  Allâh’s Messenger ()   replied: “A believer who strives his utmost in Allâh’s Cause with his life and property...”   (Bukhâri 4/45)

Abu Sa'id Al-Khudri narrated that the Messenger of Allâh  said (to him): “Abu Sa'id, Whoever cheerfully accepts Allâh as his Rabb, Islâm as his religion and Muhammad as His (Allah’s) Messenger is necessarily entitled to enter Paradise.”  He (Abu Sa'id) wondered at it and said: “Messenger of Allâh, repeat it for me.”  He (the Messenger of Allâh) did that and said: “There is another act which elevates the position of a man in Paradise to a grade one hundred (higher), and the elevation between one grade and the other is equal to the height of the heaven from the earth. He (Abu Sa'id) said: What is that act? He replied: "Jihad in the way of Allâh! Jihad in the way of Allâh!”  (Muslim 4645)

16.  Repentance and praying for forgiveness

“Unless he repents believes and works righteous deeds for Allâh will change the evil of such persons into good and Allâh is Oft-Forgiving Most Merciful.  And whoever repents and does good has truly turned to Allâh with an (acceptable) conversion.”   (Qur’ân 25:70-71)

“As to the Righteous they will be in the midst of Gardens and Springs taking joy in the things which their Rabb (Cherisher and Sustainer) gives them because before then they lived a good life. They were in the habit of sleeping but little by night. And in the hours of early dawn they (were found) praying for Forgiveness. And in their wealth and possessions (was remembered) the right of the (needy) him who asked and him who (for some reason) was prevented (from asking). On the earth are Signs for those of assured Faith as also in your own selves. Will you not then see?”   (Qur’ân 51:15-21)

17. Supplicating for righteousness

“And when My slaves ask you (O Mohammed) concerning Me then (answer them), I am indeed near (to them by my knowledge) I respond to the invocations of the supplicant when he calls on Me (without any mediator or intercessor).  So let them obey Me and believe in Me, so that they may be led to the right path.”   (Qur’ân 2:186)

“And your Rabb (Cherisher and Sustainer) said: “Invoke Me  (i.e. believe in My Oneness and ask Me for anything) I will respond to your (invocation) Verily! Those who scorn My worship  (i.e. do not invoke Me, and do not believe in My Oneness ) they will surely enter hell in humiliation!”  (Qur’ân 40:60)

18.  Wishing and striving for the Hereafter

If any do wish for the transitory things (of this life) We readily grant them such things as We will to such persons as We will: in the end have We provided Hell for them.  They will burn therein disgraced and rejected. Those who do wish for the (things of) the Hereafter and strive therefore with all due striving and have Faith they are the ones whose striving is acceptable to Allâh of the bounties of your Rabb (Cherisher and Sustainer). We bestow freely on all these as well as those.  The bounties of your Rabb are not closed (to anyone). See how We have bestowed more on some than on others; but verily the Hereafter is more in rank and gradation and more in excellence. Take not with Allâh another object of worship; or you (O man!) will sit in disgrace and destitution.  (Qur’ân 17:18-22)

Abu Hurairah narrated that the Prophet said, “Whoever believes in Allah and His Messenger, offers prayers perfectly and fasts (the month of) Ramadan then it is incumbent upon Allah to admit him into Paradise, whether he emigrates for Allah's cause or stays in the land where he was born.”  They (the companions of the Prophet) said, “O Allah's Messenger! Should we not inform the people of that?”  He said, “There are one-hundred degrees in Paradise which Allah has prepared for those who carry on Jihad in His Cause. The distance between every two degrees is like the distance between the sky and the Earth.  So if you ask Allah for anything, ask Him for the Firdaus, for it is the last part of Paradise and the highest part of Paradise, and at its top there is the Throne of Beneficent, and from it gush forth the rivers of Paradise.”   (Bukhari 9/519)

19. Patience and perseverance

 “Not so do those who show patience and constancy and work righteousness; for them is forgiveness (of sins) and a great reward.”    (Qur’ân 11:11)

“But those who had been granted (true) knowledge said: "Alas for you! The reward of Allâh (in the Hereafter) is best for those who believe and work righteousness: but this none shall attain save those who steadfastly persevere (in good).”    (Qur’ân 28:80)

“By the time, verily man is in loss, except such as have Faith, and do righteous deeds, and join together) in the mutual enjoining of Truth, and of patience and constancy.”    (Qur’ân 103:1-3)

Abu Said Al-Khudri narrated that some Ansari persons asked for (something) from Allah’s Messenger and he gave them. They again asked him for (something) and he again gave them. And then again they asked him and he gave them till all that was with him finished. And then he said, “If I had anything, I would not keep it away from you. (Remember) Whoever abstains from asking others, Allah will make him contented, and whoever tries to make himself self-sufficient, Allah will make him self-sufficient. And whoever remains patient, Allah will make him patient. Nobody can be given a blessing better and greater than patience.”  (Bukhâri 2/548)

20.  Being with the company of the righteous

Abu Musa reported Allâh’s Messenger () as saying:  “The similitude of good company and that of bad company is that of the owner of musk and of the one (iron-smith) iron blowing bellows.  The owner of musk would either offer you free of charge or you would buy it from him or you would smell its pleasant odor.  And so far as one who blows the bellows is concerned, he would either burn your clothes or you shall have to smell its repugnant smell.”   (Muslim 4/6361)

21.  Loving one another for fear of Allâh

Mu'adh Bin Jabal  narrated that I heard the Prophet  said, “Allâh, the Master of Honor, says: ‘For those who love one another for the sake of fear of My majesty and magnificence, there will be high seats of light that will be the envy of prophets and martyrs.’”   (Tirmidhi 381)

Umar Bin al-Khattab narrated the Prophet  as saying: “There are people from the servants of Allâh who are neither prophets nor martyrs; the prophets and martyrs will envy them on the Day of Resurrection for their rank from Allâh, the Most High.”   They (the people) asked: “Tell us Messenger of Allâh who are they?”   He replied, “They are people who love one another for the fear of Allâh without having any mutual kinship and giving property to one. I swear by Allâh, their faces will glow and they will be (sitting) in (pulpits of) light. They will have no fear (on the Day) when the people will have fear, and they will not grieve when the people will grieve.”   He then recited the following Qur’anic verse: “Behold! Verily for the friends of Allâh there is no fear, nor shall they grieve.”   (Abu Dawud 3520)

22.  Kindness, charity and spending in the way of Allâh

“Say: ‘shall I give you glad tidings of things far better than those? For the righteous are gardens in nearness to their Rabb (Cherisher and Sustainer) with rivers flowing beneath; therein is their eternal home with companions pure (and holy) and the good pleasure of Allâh.  For in Allâh’s sight are (all) His servants. (Namely) those who say: ‘Our Rabb (Cherisher and Sustainer)! We have indeed believed: forgive us then our sins and save us from the agony of the fire.’  Those who show patience firmness and self-control; who are true (in word and deed); who worship devoutly; who spend (in the way of Allâh); and who pray for forgiveness in the early hours of the morning. There is no god but He: that is the witness of Allâh His angels and those endued with knowledge standing firm on justice.  There is no god but He the Exalted in Power the Wise.’”   (Qur’ân 3:15-18)

“By no means shall you attain righteousness unless you give [in Allâh’s Cause] of that which you love; and whatever of good you give, Allâh knows it well.”    (Qur’ân 3: 92)

And they spend (in charity) out of the sustenance which We have bestowed on them. Now no person knows what delights of the eye are kept hidden (in reserve) for them   as a reward for their (good) Deeds.  Is then the man who believes no better than the man who is rebellious and wicked?  Not equal are they.  For those who believe and do righteous deeds are Gardens as hospitable Homes, for their (good) deeds.  (Qur’ân 32:16-19)

To be righteous, we have to give wholeheartedly of the things that we love. We should give charitable gifts to others out of our sincere feeling to please Allâh and not because we want people to recognize us. To give freely of that which we love implies that Allâh enjoins upon the righteous to love one another. This is in line with His Divine Attribute as One Who is Full of Loving-Kindness:

“And He is Oft-Forgiving, full of love [towards the pious who are real true believers of Islâmic Monotheism].”   (Qur’ân 85: 14)

Allâh bestows love on those who believe and work deeds of righteousness.  He says:

“Verily, those who believe [in the Oneness of Allâh and in His Messenger [Muhammad] and work deeds of righteousness, the Most Gracious [Allâh] will bestow love for them [in the hearts of the believers].”   (Qur’ân 19: 96)

Heis the Rabb (Only God, Cherisher and Sustainer) of Grace, Abounding.[2] Helistens to those who believe and do deeds of righteousness and gives them an increase of His Bounty.[3]  He grants the need of every creature.  His bounties are not closed to any one:

“Whosoever is in the heaven and on earth begs of Him [its needs from Him]…” (Qur’ân 55: 29)

“On each – these as well as those – We bestow from the Bounties of your Rabb. And the Bounties of your Rabb can never be forbidden.”   (Qur’ân 17: 20)

The above Qur'anic injunctions explain the exact reasons why non-Muslims who desire and work for material prosperity, fame and other worldly needs in this world become wealthy, famous or attain worldly success.  If they desire happiness in this present world and work for it, Allâh grants them their needs. However, their happiness is nothing but temporary. In the next world to come, they will suffer the eternal and grieve punishments for not worshipping the Only True God and/or accepting the only true Religion before Allâh.  Allâh , the All-Mighty, stresses:

“This is the Guidance of Allâh with which He guides whomsoever He wills of His slaves. But if they had joined in worship others with Allâh, all that they used to do would have been of no benefit to them.”    (Qur’ân 6: 88)

“If anyone desires a religion other than Islâm [submission to Allâh], never will it be accepted of him; and in the Hereafter he will be in the ranks of those who have lost [all spiritual good].”    (Qur’ân 3: 85)

Allâh, the Exalted, has commanded us, who expect to meet Him, to worship Him Alone and do righteousness.  We read in the Qur’ân:

“Say [O Muhammad]: ‘I am only a man like you. It has been revealed to me that your Rabb is One Ilâh [God – i.e. Allâh]. So whoever hopes for the Meeting with his Rabb, let him work righteousness and associate none as partners in the worship of his Rabb.’” (Qur’ân 18: 110)

Allâh has commanded us to serve Him with sincere devotion.  He makes it very clear that sincere devotion is due to Him Alone:     

“Say [O Muhammad]: ‘Allâh Alone I worship by doing religious deeds sincerely for His sake only [and not to show off, and not to set up rivals with Him in worship.’” (Qur’ân 39: 14)

“Surely the religion [i.e. the worship and the obedience] is for Allâh only.”    (Qur’ân 39: 3)

Furthermore, Allâh commands us to obey Him and His Messenger if we want our deeds not to be futile.  He says:

“O you who believe! Obey Allâh, and obey the Messenger [Muhammad] and render not vain your deeds.”    (Qur’ân 47: 33)

In other words, if we Muslims do all the good deeds solely for Allâh’s Pleasure and we follow the Qur’ân and the Sunnah, the Almighty will reward us, if not in this world, then surely in the Hereafter. Allâh will surely grant us eternal peace, prosperity and happiness in Paradise. It is for the salvation of every non-Muslim that he/she sincerely enters into Islâm so that whatever good deeds or righteousness he does will be rewarded and not be in vain or futile. Verily, Allâhis Ever Just to all those who believe and follow Him:

“Surely! Allâh wrongs not even of the weight of an atom [or a small ant], but if there is any good [done], He doubles it, and gives from Him a great reward.”    (Qur’ân 4:40)



[1] Jabir Bin ‘Abdullah narrated that Allah’s Messenger   said “The best speech is that embodied in the Book of Allah, and the best guidance is the guidance given by Muhammad. The most evil affairs are their innovations; and every innovation is an error.”     (Muslim1885)

[2] “…And that [His] Grace is [entirely] in His Hand to bestow it on whomsoever He wills. And Allâh is the Owner of Great Bounty.”  (Qur’ân 57: 29)

[3] “And He answers [the invocation of] those who believe [in Oneness of Allâh – Islâmic Monotheism] and do righteous good deeds, and gives them increase of His Bounty…” (Qur’ân 42: 26)

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