Effective Da’wah to Mankind Through the Qur’an and the Sunnah

 Allah (سبحانه و تعالى is the Rabb (the Only God, Cherisher and Sustainer), the King (or Ruler) and the God (Judge) of mankind (114:1-6).  He (سبحانه و تعالىmakes it clear that the religion before Him is Islam (3:19).  He was the One Who sent down  (step by step), in truth, the Book (the Qur’an)  as a guide to mankind (3:2-4).  He says that Prophet Muhammad ( is not only the Seal of the Prophets (33:40), but he is also His Universal Messenger to the whole mankind (34:28). Allah the Almighty inspired him (18:110; 53:4, 10) with the Truth (4: 170).  He sent the Qur’an to him to lead forth from the depths of Darkness into Light those who believe and do righteousness (65:10-11).  Islam, therefore, is the true universal religion the Light for the whole mankind.  As such, Da’wah should cater to all humanity, both Muslims and non-Muslims alike irrespective of their race, nationality, sex, social and economic status and other differences.

Since Islam is the religion for the whole mankind, it is a Sunnah for us Muslims to invite mankind to Islam.  We should start doing Da’wah to our respective families, relatives and close friends. This is the Sunnah of the Prophet  ().  The first people that the Prophet  () invited to Islam were: his wife Khadija, his cousin Ali  (رضي الله عنه), and his closest friend Abu Bakr  (رضي الله عنه).  We should invite our nearest relatives to righteousness as Allah (سبحانه و تعالىhas enjoined us to admonish or warn them (26:214). We read in the following Hadîth how Allah’s Messenger () himself invited his nearest kinsmen:

Abu Hurairah  (رضي الله عنه) narrated that when (this verse) was revealed to him: “Warn your nearest kinsmen” (26:214), Allah’s Messenger () said,  “O people of Quraish, buy yourselves from Allah (i.e., Secure deliverance from Allah by doing good deeds.). I cannot avail you at all against Allah.  O ‘Abbas Bin ‘Abd Al-Muttalib, I cannot avail you at all against Allah. O Safiya (aunt of Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.s)), I cannot avail you at all against Allah. O Fatimah, (daughter of Allah’s Messenger ()) ask me whatever you like, but I cannot avail you at all against Allah.”    (Muslim1/402)

We Du’at have to share our authentic knowledge of Islam (based on the Qur’an and the Sunnah) to our fellow Muslims including the new reverts to Islam.  It is not enough that they declare the Shahadah. They have to learn more about Islam. We should remember that many of our fellow Muslims, because of ignorance or lack of knowledge of Islam, are out of the fold of Islam.  They do not have the right Islamic aqeeda (belief). Their belief, sayings and actions do not conform to the Qur’an and the Sunnah.   We see them clinging to various sects which have strayed outside the Right Path.  We must share them our knowledge of the Qur’an and the Sunnah.  It is for their guidance that they follow and stick to the Sunnah or Way of the universal messenger to the whole mankind, Prophet Muhammad  (); otherwise they will be among the people of the Hell Fire:

‘Abdullah Bin Amr  (رضي الله عنه) narrated that Allah’s Messenger  () said, “There will befall my Ummah exactly (all those) evils which befell the people of Isra'il, so much so that if there was one amongst them who openly committed fornication with his mother,  there will be among my Ummah one who will do that; and if the people of Isra'il were fragmented into seventy-two sects my Ummah will be fragmented into seventy-three sects. All of them will be in Hell Fire except one sect.” They (the Companions) said: “Allah’s Messenger, which is that?” Whereupon he ( said: “It is one to which I and my companions belong.”  (Tirmidhi 171)

Another reason why we have to do Da’wah  to our fellow Muslims is to make our invitation to non-Muslims easy.  Most non-Muslims base their understanding of Islam on what they see from the Muslims. Unfortunately, many Muslims are not practicing Islam in accordance with the Qur’an and the Sunnah.  Their non-Islamic character and behaviors discourage non-Muslims from entering into Islam.  We have to share our correct knowledge and understanding of Islam with our fellow Muslims and at the same time encourage them to seek more knowledge of the Truth in order to correct their aqeeda (belief).  They should work for the highest goal that is the eternal peace and prosperity in Paradise where they can achieve the greatest Bliss the Good Pleasure of Allah (سبحانه و تعالى).  That is the supreme triumph (9:72).

As Muslims, we have to exert more efforts in conveying the Divine Message to the non-Muslims.  We have to guide them to Islam because if they die rejecting the Qur’an and the Sunnah, they will suffer in the Hell-fire forever as stressed by Allah in the following Qur’anic verses:

“But those who disobey Allah and His Messenger and transgress His limits will be admitted to a Fire, to abide therein.  And they shall have a humiliating punishment.”  (Qur’an  4:14)

“Those who reject Our Signs, We shall soon cast into the Fire; as often as their skins are roasted through. We shall change them for fresh skins, that they may taste the Chastisement: for Allah is Exalted in Power, Wise.”   (Qur’an 4:56)

“Those who disbelieve, among the People of the Book and among the Polytheists, will be in hell-fire, to dwell therein (for aye).  They are the worst of creatures.”  (Qur’an 98:6)

To be staying in the hell-fire even for seconds is a grievous chastisement, how much more if it will be forever?  Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful has commanded us Muslims to invite all (people) to Islam. It is His way to give chance to the non-believers to be saved from the torment of the hell-fire.  Let us therefore strive hard and cooperate in inviting the whole mankind to the Right Path, Islam.

If we want to be successful Du’at, we must do Da’wah based on Allah’s injunctions in the Qur’an and the Sunnah as narrated in the authentic Ahadîth .  For our deeds to be rewarded we should be reminded of the following Qur’anic verse to obey Allah (سبحانه و تعالى and His Messenger  ():

 “O you who believe! Obey Allah, and obey the Messenger (Muhammad) and render not vain your deeds.”  (Qur’an 47:33)

The Qur’an and (the Sunnah of) Allah’s Messenger  () both serve as Allah’s mercy to us.  Allah the Almighty says about His Book:

 “For We had certainly sent unto them a Book based on knowledge, which We explained in detail a guide and a Mercy to all who believe.”   (Qur’an 7:52)

“. . .   We have sent down to you the Book explaining all things, a guide a Mercy, and glad tidings to Muslims.”   (Qur’an 16:89)

Allah (سبحانه و تعالى tells us about His Messenger  ():

“We sent you not (O Muhammad), but as a Mercy for all creatures.”  (Qur’an 21:107)

“... Yet you (O Muhammad) were sent as a Mercy from your Rabb to give warning to a people to whom no Warner had come before you in order that they may receive admonition.”  (Qur’an 28:46)

It is a must that in doing Da’wah, we do it with Hikmah (wisdom as defined in the Qur’an and the Sunnah). To be able to do this, we must follow the characteristics and manners of Allah’s Messenger  (). Allah’sMessenger  () possesses an exalted standard of character (i.e., sublime morals) (68:4) and is an excellent example for us to follow. Allah (سبحانه و تعالى says:

“Indeed in Allah’s Messenger (Muhammad) you have an excellent example to follow for him who hopes in (meeting with) Allah and the Last Day, and remembers Allah much.”   (33:21)

 In an authentic Hadîth we read that the Prophet (s.a.w.s) himself said: Abu Hurairah (رضي الله عنه) narrated that Allah’s Messenger () said,  “I have been sent (as a Messenger) in the best of all generations of Adam’s offspring since the Creation.”  (Bukhari 4/757)

For our guidance and success, we should follow Allah’s Messenger  ().   Allah the Most High tells us:

“Those who follow the Messenger, the unlettered Prophet, whom they find mentioned in their own (Scriptures); in the Torah and the Gospel; for he commands them what is just and forbids them what is evil.  He allows them as lawful what is good (and pure) and prohibits them from what is bad (and impure).  He releases them from their heavy burdens and from the yokes that are upon them.  So it is those who believe in him, honor him, help him, and follow the Light which is sent down with him, it is they who will prosper.”    (Qur’an 7: 157)

As Du’at, we should excel in our manners and character.  We should take inspiration from the following Ahadîth: ‘Abdullah Bin Amr (رضي الله عنه) narrated that Allah’s Messenger () said,  “…The best amongst you are those who have the best manners and character.”       (Bukhari 4/759)

Abu Hurairah  (رضي الله عنه) narrated that the Prophet  () said, “Among the Muslims the most perfect, as regards his faith, is the one whose character is excellent, and the best among you are those who treat their wives well.”    (Tirmidhi 628)

Abu Darda (رضي الله عنه)  narrated that the Prophet  () said, “There is nothing heavier than good character put in the scale of a believer on the Day of Resurrection.” (Abu Dawud 4781)

Abu Darda (رضي الله عنه) narrated that the Prophet  () said, “Nothing is weightier in the scales of a believer on the Day of Judgement than his good behavior.  Allah treats with displeasure a person who is given to loose and vulgar talk.”  (Tirmidhi 626)

Abu Umamah (رضي الله عنه) narrated that the Prophet  () said,  “I guarantee a house in the surroundings of Paradise for a man who avoids quarrelling even if he were in the right;  a house in the middle of Paradise for a man who avoids lying even if he were joking; and a house in the upper part of Paradise for a man who made his character good.”  (Abu Dawud 4782)

Abdur Rahman Bin Ghanam (رضي الله عنه) and Asma Bint Yazid (رضي الله عنه) narrated that the Prophet (s.a.w.s) said, “The best servants of Allah are those who, when they are seen, cause Allah to be remembered. The worst servants of Allah are those who go about slandering, who separate friends, and seek to distress the upright.”   (Tirmidhi 4871 and Ahmad)

It is necessary that we behave in accordance with the Qur’an and the Sunnah.  We should aim to reach the highest category of Muslims.   We should try not only to be very good Muslims (those who perform the five pillars of Islam) or Mu’minoon (Faithful Muslims who believe in the six articles of faith); but also to be Mu’hsinoon or Muttaqoon (God-conscious, God-fearing Muslims who are righteous, pious and restrain  as well as guard themselves from evil).  We should remember that non-Muslims, in general, judge Islam according to the actual behaviors and conducts of the Muslims.  Unfortunately, many Muslims do not follow the Qur’an and the Sunnah. Only a few are Muslimoon (practicing Muslims). Very few are Mu’minoon (Faithful Muslims) and Mu’hsinoon or Muttaqoon.  Many fall into the category of Mushrikoon (polytheists or those who associate partners with Allah) and Munafiqoon (the hypocrites) out of ignorance or lack of knowledge of Islam. Many others cling to secularism and bid'ah and thus adopt the belief and manners contrary to Islam based on the Qu'ran and the Sunnah.   This fact should be made known very clearly to the non-Muslims in our Da’wah after explaining to them the basic concepts of Islam, especially Tawhîd.  In this way they will stop identifying Islam with those who are Muslims only in name. Our explanation of the levels of practicing Muslims must be based on the following Hadîth:

Abu Hurairah  (رضي الله عنه) narrated that one day while the Prophet ( was sitting in the company of some people, (The angel) Gabriel came and asked, “What is faith?” Allah’s Messenger()
 replied, “Faith is to believe in Allah, His angels, (the) meeting with Him, His Messengers, and  to believe  in Resurrection.” Then he further asked, “What is Islam?” Allah’s Messenger ()
 replied, “To worship Allah Alone and none else, to offer prayers perfectly to pay the compulsory charity (Zakat) and to observe fasts during the month of Ramadan.”  Then he further asked, “What is Ihsan (perfection)?” Allah’s Messenger ()
 replied, “To worship Allah as if you see Him, and if you cannot achieve this state of devotion then you must consider that He is looking at you.”  … Then that man (Gabriel) left and the Prophet () asked his companions to call him back, but they could not see him. Then the Prophet () said, “That was Gabriel who came to teach the people their religion.” Abu ‘Abdullah said: “He (the Prophet () considered all that as a part of faith.”  (Bukhari 1/47, 6/300 and Muslim 1)

We have to make it clear to the non-Muslims that the non-practicing Muslims destroy their lives by indulging in such immoral practices as adulteries and fornication, drinking intoxicants, drug addictions, gambling, usury, graft and corruption, stealing, swindling, abductions, rebellions and the like.  With their non-Islamic behaviors they create very bad image not only for the Muslims but also for Islam as a whole.  We have to stress that the Muslims they encounter or observe are actually non-practicing Muslims.  If ever they dislike their behavior it is because they do not act in accordance with the teachings of Islam.  Islam teaches righteousness and the best manners to the whole mankind.  We should invite them to Islam through the Qur’an and the Sunnah.  We should advise them not to judge Islam with the way non-practicing Muslims behave.  They should not confine their knowledge of Islam to the negative propaganda of the anti-Islamic writers.  It is for their divine guidance that they should read the Qur’an and the authentic Ahadîth as well as books, articles and other reading materials written by Muslim scholars based on these two revealed authentic Islamic teachings.  They should be objective and rational by learning and understanding the truth about Islam.  What we are going to present to them is the Truth based on the Qur’an and the Sunnah.  Thus, we should not only equip ourselves with the knowledge of the Truth according to the Qur’an and the Sunnah, but also do Da’wah according to the said revealed sources.

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