The Qur’ân and the Sunnah as the Sources of Truth

in Conveying the Message of Islâm

Adherence to the Qur’an and the Sunnah (Authentic Ahâdîth) as the Sources of Truth

As Du’ât, we have to take all the opportunities to seek knowledge of the Truth.  We have to read the Book of Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) and the Sunnah (or authentic Ahâdîth)  of His Messenger ().  They serve as the best and genuine tools to convey the Truth to the non-Muslims. Our belief and deeds must be based on these two authentic sources of knowledge and guidance (See Islamic Creed Based on Qur’ān and Sunnah and The Obligation of Holding Steadfast to the Qur’ān and Sunnah).

We have to convey the need to search for knowledge of the Truth to the non-practicing Muslims as well as the non-Muslims. We have to emphasize that what we are going to explain to them is based on the Qur’an and the Sunnah.  We have to explain why the Qur’an is the Divine Revelation from Allah the Almighty (See Miracles of the Qur’ān).  They have to know that the Qur’an is complete:

“For We had certainly sent unto them a Book (Qur’an) based on knowledge, which We explained in detail, a guide and a Mercy to all who believe.”   (7:52)

 “…We have sent down to you the Book (Qur’an) explaining all things, a guide, a Mercy, and glad tidings to Muslims.”   (16:89)

Furthermore, we have to explain to them clearly why we have to follow the Sunnah of the Prophet ().  They have to know that to follow the Prophet () is a divine commandment from Allah, the Rabb of the worlds:

“Say: ‘If you do love Allah follow me: Allah will love you and forgive you your sins for Allah is Oft-Forgiving Most Merciful.’”  (3:31)

“But no, by your Rabb, they can have no Faith, until they make you (O Muhammad) judge in all disputes between them, and find in themselves no resistance against your decisions, and accept (them) with full submission.”  (4:65)

It is imperative, therefore, that we must strictly adhere to the Qur’an and the Sunnah. It is a divine commandment that guides us to the Straight Path.  Both the Qur’an and the Sunnah constitute the best guidance for the whole mankind.  We have to believe and follow the following teachings from the Qur’an and the authentic Ahâdîth:

“And if you have a dispute concerning any matter, refer it to Allah and His Messenger.’”  (3:31)

“And verily, This is my Straight Path so follow it, and follow not (other paths, for they will separate you away from His Path.  This He has ordained for you that you may become pious.” (6:153)

Jabir Bin ‘Abdullah (r.a.)  narrated that Allah's Messenger () said, “The best speech is that embodied in the Book of Allah, and the best guidance is the guidance given by Muhammad. The most evil affairs are their innovations; and every innovation is an error.”     (Muslim1885 and Ibn Majah 1/45)

 Jabir Bin ‘Abdullah (r.a.)  narrated that Allah's Messenger () used to say in his prayer after tashahhud, “The most excellent words are the words of Allah and the most excellent guidance is the guidance given by Muhammad.”    (Tirmidhi 956 and Nasa’i)

Hudhaifah  narrated that Allah's Messenger () said to us, “Honesty descended from the Heavens and settled in the roots of the hearts of men (faithful believers), and then the Qur’an was revealed and the people read the Qur’an, (and learned from it) and also learned it from the Sunnah.  Both Qur’an and the Sunnah strengthened their (the faithful believers’) honesty.”  (Bukhari 9/381)

All of us have to read Islamic books that are based on the Qur’an and authentic Ahâdîth written by Muslim scholars.  We have to explain further to the non-Muslims that true knowledge of Islam consists of the Qur’an, the Sunnah and the prescriptions rightly deduced from the two:

‘Abdullah Bin ‘Amr  narrated that Allah's Messenger () said: “Knowledge consists of three things: the decisive verses (Qur’an), authentic Hâdîth and prescriptions rightly deduced from the two.  What is beside them is superfluous.”  (Ibn Majah 1/54 and Abu Dawud 2879)

Mu’adh Bin Jabal (r.a.)  narrated that some of his companions said, “When Allah's Messenger () intended to send him (Mu’adh Bin Jabal) to Yemen, he asked: “How will you judge when the occasion of deciding a case arises?”  He replied, I shall judge in accordance with Allah's Book.   He was asked: “(What will you do) if you do not find any guidance in Allah's Book?”  He replied, “(I shall act) in accordance with the Sunnah of Allah's Messenger ().”   He () asked, “(What will you do) if you do not find any guidance in the Sunnah of Allah's Messenger () and in Allah's Book?”  He replied, “I shall do my best to form an opinion and I shall spare no effort.”  Allah's Messenger () then patted him on the breast and said: “Praise be to Allah Who has helped Allah's Messenger to find something which pleases Allah's Messenger.”   (Abu Dawud 3585)

We have to encourage the non-Muslims to read the Qur’an and the authentic Sunnah as well as books based on these Divine Sources of Truth.   We have to remember that the firstSurah (Chapter) that Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) revealed to His Messenger () for our guidance pertains to reading.  Allah the Exalted commands:

“Read! In the name of your Rabb and Cherisher, Who created — created man, out of a leech-like clot.  Read!  And your Rabb  is Most Bountiful. He Who taught (the use of) the Pen, taught man that which he knew not...”  (96:1-4)

When we follow the divine commandment to read, we find that of all books, the Qur’an is the only Book wherein Allah instructs mankind to:  read (73:20), understand (21:10; 47: 24; 54:17, 22, 32, 40), study (2:121), recite (29:45 and 73:4), listen (7:204), remember (80:11-14) and follow it for guidance (6:155 and 39:18).   The Qur’an, is the Truth from Allah (Qur’an, 32:2-3).  It is the Book Full of Wisdom (36:2);  and the Truth of assured certainty (69:51).  Why?  Because, it is the Truth from our Rabb (22:54) -- the One full of knowledge and wisdom (22:52). Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) says:

“We sent down  (the Qur’an)  in Truth, and in Truth has it descended...” (17:105)

The following Âyât  (verses) should awaken all of us to learn more of Allah's Book:

“Is then one who does know that, that which has been Revealed unto you from your Rabb is the Truth, like the one who is blind?  It is those who are endowed with understanding that receive admonition...!”  (13:19-24)

The Prophet () also inspires us to learn and teach Allah's Book.  He stresses that if we hold on to the Qur’an we will never go astray:

Uthman Bin Affan narrated that the Prophet () said, “The most superior among you (Muslims) are those who learn the Qur’an and teach it.”  (Bukhari 6/546)

Jabir Bin ‘Abdullah (r.a.)  narrated that the Prophet () said,  “…I have left among you the Book of Allah, and if you hold fast to it, you would never go astray…”   (Muslim2803.1)

It is for our guidance that we must believe the whole of the Qur’an.  We are not considered to be true believers if we doubt some parts of the Revelation.  If we reject any part of it, we will suffer grievous punishment in the Hereafter. Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) warns:

...Then is it only a part of the Book that you believe in.  And do you reject the rest?  But what is the reward for those among you who behave like this but disgrace in this life?  And on the Day of Judgment they shall be consigned to the most grievous chastisement for Allah is not unmindful of what you do.  These are the people who buy the life of this world at the price of the Hereafter: their chastisement shall not be lightened nor shall they be helped.  (2:85-86)

In our Da’wah, we have to explain to the non-Muslims that the Qur’an is the only comprehensive book available to mankind for guidance. Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) says that nothing has been omitted from it (6:38).   It is further explained in detail (11:1 and 6:114).  It guides us to believe and obey the blessed Messenger (3:31-32; 4:170 and 47:33). For our complete guidance, it is necessary for us to follow the Sunnah (Traditions of the Prophet ()) because he is Allah's universal Messenger to the whole mankind (34:28).  he is the Seal of the Prophets (33:40) whom our Creator sent with Guidance and the Religion of Truth, to make it prevail over all religions (61:9).  

(Article by:  Dr. Norlain Dindang)  

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